No matter where they are, in the Amazon or your backyard, insect bites and stings. Some, including mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, and fleas, see you as food. Others, such as yellow jackets, bees, wasps, fire ants, and spiders, bite or sting to defend themselves.
Regardless of the insects' motivations, one you realize one has bitten or sting you, the faster you use a remedy, the more effective it will be. First, of you were sting by a bee, remove the stinger. If you leave it in place, it will continue to pump venom into your skin. The best way to remove it is with a flinking motion, using a dull knife blade or you thumbnail. If you pinch the stinger, you risk squeezing the venom sac and releasing even more toxins.
Next, assess the severity of insect bites and stings. In the perpetrator was a poisonous spider, or if it was a bee and you know you are allergic, no food I know of is going to help you, so seek medical attention immediately. You should also seek emergency care if you fell faint, have swelling in your mouth or throat, have trouble breathing, or experience a rapid pulse after a bite or sting. And if you have muscle aches, a fever, headaches, and/or a bull's-eye rash within a few weeks of a tick bite, see your doctor; you could have Lyme disease.
There are many insect repellents and bug bite remedies around. Ironically, the scents that repel insects are often the ones humans and other animals find most attractive.
This herb, especially the so-called holy basil or tulsi in India, is used extensively by traditional healers. Indians rub their skin with fresh basil leaves to repel insects, and people in Africa do the same.
When it comes to insect bites and stings, garlic can play two roles: as a repellent and as a treatment, Is also helps used either topically or ingested. In an Italian study, volunteers who received a topical application of garlic oil were well protected against insect bites, As a treatment, you can use the oil or kale a poultice with crushed garlic and apply it directly to the bite or sting. If you prefer to ingest the garlic but don't' want to smell it - and thus people in additions to insets-take aged garlic extract instead of eating the raw cloves.
One of the ingredients in insect deterrent is citronella, a common scent used in insect-repelling candles and a staple of Thai and Vietnamese cooking. A close relative of citronella, lemongrass contains many of the same bug-repellent compounds. If you have some of this fresh herb available, crush it and rub it directly on your skin before you head outside.
Although they may burn your eyes when you slice them, raw onions, when rubbed directly onto an insect bites and stings, can reduce inflammation. You can also get some relief from a bite or sting by eating foods containing onions. Onion skin is particularly good at relieving inflammation because it has a good supply of an anti-allergy chemical called quercetin.
Immediately after you've removed an insect stinger, give the irritated area a cool application of apple cider vinegar to decrease the inevitable redness and swelling. Depending on where you were stung, you can either soak the spot in the vinegar or dip a cotton ball in it and tape it to the site of the sting.
It may sound simple, but applying an ice cube to an insect bite or sting will decrease the pain and swelling. Place the ice on the sore spot for 10 minutes, remove it for a few minutes, and repeat. You can leave the cube on for up to 20 minutes of you wrap it in a washcloth or small towel. If ice feels too cold, use a washcloth soaked in cool water instead.